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Nigeria comprises 36 states and one federal capital territory, forming a diverse political landscape. Each state operates as a semi-autonomous entity, sharing powers with the federal government in accordance with the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
The Federal Capital Territory (FCT) serves as Nigeria’s capital territory, housing the city of Abuja. While the FCT is not considered a state, it is governed by elected representatives who are accountable to the federal government.
Additionally, each state is further divided into local government districts known as Local Government Areas (LGAs).
In Nigeria, there exist a total of 774 local governments across the nation. Although the 36 states possess equal standing, they do not hold ultimate authority as sovereignty rests with the federal government.
Amendments to the constitution can be made by the National Assembly; however, these changes require the support of at least two-thirds of the 36 states in the federation.
At present, Nigeria consists of 36 states, with the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) included. Below are the Nigerian 36 States and Capital and Their Slogans.
Nigerian 36 States and Capital and Their Slogans
|God’s Own State
|Land of Beauty
|Akwa Ibom State
|Land of Promise
|Light of the Nation
|Pearl of Tourism
|Glory of all lands
|Food Basket of the Nation
|Home of Peace
|Cross River State
|The People’s Paradise
|The Big Heart
|Salt of the Nation
|Heart Beat of Nigeria
|Land of Honour and Integrity
|Coal City State
|Jewel in the Savannah
|The New World
|Centre of Learning
|Centre of Commerce
|Home of Hospitality
|Land of Equity
|The Confluence State
|State of Harmony
|Centre of Excellence
|Home of Solid Minerals
|The Power State
|The State of the Living Spring
|Pace Setter State
|Home of Peace and Tourism
|Treasure Base of the Nation
|Seat of the Caliphate
|Nature’s Gift to the Nation
|Pride of the Sahel
|Farming is Our Pride
State Creation in Nigeria
During Nigeria’s independence on October 1, 1960, the country consisted of three regions: the Northern Region, Western Region, and Eastern Region. In 1963, an additional region, the Mid-Western Region, was carved out from the Western Region.
However, in 1967, a military decree issued by then-Head of State General Yakubu Gowon replaced the regions with 12 states. This marked a significant transformation, altering the administrative divisions of the country.
Subsequently, in 1976, General Murtala Mohammed, the head of state at that time, introduced seven new states through another military decree, expanding the total to 19, including the Federal Capital Territory of Abuja.
The creation of Abuja involved sections of Kwara, Niger, Kaduna, and Plateau States, with Niger State contributing the majority of the landmass for the new federal capital.
In 1987, General Ibrahim Babangida, the military president, established two additional states: Akwa Ibom State, separated from Cross River State, and Kastina State, separated from Kaduna State. This development increased the total number of states to 21.
Continuing the trend, General Babangida went on to establish nine more states in 1991, bringing the total to 30.
Finally, in 1996, the then-military Head of State General Ibrahim Abacha introduced six additional states, making the current total of 36 states, a configuration that remains unchanged to this day.
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